In Luxembourg, euthanasia and assisted suicide have been regulated by law since 2009. A physician has to fullfill strict conditions; eg there should be consent from two physicians and an expert group. When a patient cannot be cured, palliatieve care is seen as good medical practice.
Euthanasia and assisted suicide Act (2009)
In article 2 of this law the due care criteria for legal euthanasia and assisted suicide are mentioned.
These requirements are the following:
|1)||The patient is capable and conscious at the time of the request;|
|2)||The request is made voluntarily, thoughtfully and, if necessary, repeated, and is not the result of external pressure;|
|3)||the patient finds himself in a medical situation with no way out and reports constant and unbearable physical or psychological suffering with no prospect of improvement, resulting from an accidental or pathological condition;|
|4)||the patient’s request for euthanasia or assisted suicide is recorded in writing.|
- holds the conviction that the request by the patient was voluntary and well-considered,
- holds the conviction that the patient’s suffering was lasting and unbearable,
- has informed the patient about the situation he was in and about his prospects,
- and the patient hold the conviction that there was no other reasonable solution for the situation he was in,
- has consulted at least one other, independent physician who has seen the patient and has given his written opinion on the requirements of due care, referred to in parts 1 – 4, and
- has terminated a life or assisted in a suicide with due care.
Act on palliative care, advance directives and end-of-life (2009)
Read the full act below
A report presented on April 22 2015 said that 15 people were euthanised in Luxembourg during the two-year period from 2013 to 2014. A majority